The Birds of Virginia and its Offshore Waters: The Official List

AOS Compliant as of July 2017 (through 58th Supplement)

The list below contains both species and selected subspecies that have been documented in the Commonwealth of Virginia as of July 2017. The list follows the sequence and nomenclature of the American Ornithological Society Checklist for North and Middle American Birds, as revised through the 58th Supplement (July 2017).  There are 472 full species plus 30 additional subspecies on the official list, of which 98 are accidental, one is extirpated and one is extinct. The list also includes four entries for species pairs in which either species represents an addition to the official list, although the species involved was not conclusively identified (Rivoli’s/Talamanca Hummingbird, Lesser/Greater Sand-Plover, Pacific Slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher and Tropical/Couch's Kingbird). Three extinct species with historical records are listed after the main list. In some cases, code numbers appear in parentheses following the names of these species or subspecies. These numbers refer to the Category in which the birds are placed by the Virginia Avian Records Committee. Unless otherwise indicated, all species are Category 1 birds.

Category 1. Any bird that has occurred in Virginia and has been accepted by VARCOM as a wild bird on the basis of an observation accompanied by a photograph, specimen, audio or video recording, or band (for bands, only in cases where proof of identification is extant and compelling).
Category 2. Sight records without physical evidence, but for which there is written documentation from one or more observers accepted by VARCOM. Several of these species have reportedly been photographed in Virginia; VARCOM would very much appreciate help in locating photographs or specimens of Category 2 species.
Category 3. Identity accepted by VARCOM but provenance of the individual bird is uncertain.
Category 3a shall be comprised of such species with physical evidence in Virginia. Category 3b shall be comprised of such species lacking physical evidence. Category 3 shall not include individuals or species deemed by VARCOM to be most likely escaped/released former captives, whether from inside Virginia or otherwise.
Category 4. Records that are judged to be acceptable by historical standards but that may not meet current standards of acceptance, including extinct species that once occurred in Virginia, for which there is no clear written or physical evidence.
Category 5. Species introduced into the Commonwealth of Virginia or into other parts of North America that are currently maintaining self-sustaining wild populations within Virginia or other parts of North America.
Category 6. Species that were introduced into Virginia and that appeared for a time to be sustaining wild populations within the state but that have since been extirpated.

In some instances, abundance codes are also included as follows:
Accidental: less than six accepted physical or written records in the past 50 years
Rare: A species that is so scarce that it cannot be expected with any certainty, or one that occurs in a very specific and extremely limited habitat. In this instance species are coded as rare if they are rare in all regions of the state.
Extirpated: a species that formerly occurred in the state but no long occurs naturally
Extinct: a species that is no longer known to occur naturally, anywhere.

Official Virginia State List

# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
  Order Anseriformes
  Family Anatidae: Swans, Geese & Ducks
1   Black-bellied Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna autumnalis Rare Map Chart
2   West Indian Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna arborea Accidental (3a) Map Chart
3   Fulvous Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna bicolor Rare Map Chart
4   Snow Goose   Anser caerulescens Map Chart
  Snow Goose (Lesser)   Anser caerulescens caerulescens Map Chart
  Snow Goose (Greater)   Anser caerulescens atlanticus Map Chart
5   Ross's Goose   Anser rossii Rare Map Chart
6   Greater White-fronted Goose   Anser albifrons Map Chart
7   Brant   Branta bernicla Map Chart
8   Barnacle Goose   Branta leucopsis Rare (3a) Map Chart
9   Cackling Goose   Branta hutchinsii Map Chart
10   Canada Goose   Branta canadensis Map Chart
11   Mute Swan   Cygnus olor (5) Map Chart
12   Trumpeter Swan   Cygnus buccinator Accidental (5) Map Chart
13   Tundra Swan   Cygnus columbianus Map Chart
14   Wood Duck   Aix sponsa Map Chart
15   Garganey   Spatula querquedula Accidental (2) Map Chart
16   Blue-winged Teal   Spatula discors Map Chart
17   Cinnamon Teal   Spatula cyanoptera Accidental Map Chart
18   Northern Shoveler   Spatula clypeata Map Chart
19   Gadwall   Mareca strepera Map Chart
20   Eurasian Wigeon   Mareca penelope Rare Map Chart
21   American Wigeon   Mareca americana Map Chart
22   Mallard   Anas platyrhynchos Map Chart
23   American Black Duck   Anas rubripes Map Chart
24   White-cheeked Pintail   Anas bahamensis Accidental Map Chart
25   Northern Pintail   Anas acuta Map Chart
26   Green-winged Teal   Anas crecca Map Chart
  Green-winged Teal (American)   Anas crecca carolinensis Map Chart
  Green-winged Teal (Eurasian)   Anas crecca crecca Rare Map Chart
27   Canvasback   Aythya valisineria Map Chart
28   Redhead   Aythya americana Map Chart
29   Ring-necked Duck   Aythya collaris Map Chart
30   Tufted Duck   Aythya fuligula Accidental (2) Map Chart
31   Greater Scaup   Aythya marila Map Chart
32   Lesser Scaup   Aythya affinis Map Chart
33   King Eider   Somateria spectabilis Rare Map Chart
34   Common Eider   Somateria mollissima Rare Map Chart
35   Harlequin Duck   Histrionicus histrionicus Rare Map Chart
36   Surf Scoter   Melanitta perspicillata Map Chart
37   White-winged Scoter   Melanitta fusca Map Chart
38   Black Scoter   Melanitta americana Map Chart
39   Long-tailed Duck   Clangula hyemalis Map Chart
40   Bufflehead   Bucephala albeola Map Chart
41   Common Goldeneye   Bucephala clangula Map Chart
42   Barrow's Goldeneye   Bucephala islandica Accidental (2) Map Chart
43   Hooded Merganser   Lophodytes cucullatus Map Chart
44   Common Merganser   Mergus merganser Map Chart
45   Red-breasted Merganser   Mergus serrator Map Chart
46   Ruddy Duck   Oxyura jamaicensis Map Chart
  Order Galliformes
  Family Odontophoridae: New World Quail
47   Northern Bobwhite   Colinus virginianus Map Chart
  Family Phasianidae: Grouse and Turkeys
48   Ring-necked Pheasant   Phasianus colchicus Extirpated (6) Map Chart
49   Ruffed Grouse   Bonasa umbellus Map Chart
50   Wild Turkey   Meleagris gallopavo Map Chart
  Order Phoenicopteriformes
  Family Phoenicopteridae: Flamingos
51   American Flamingo   Phoenicopterus ruber Rare Map Chart
  Order Podicipediformes
  Family Podicipedidae: Grebes
52   Pied-billed Grebe   Podilymbus podiceps Map Chart
53   Horned Grebe   Podiceps auritus Map Chart
54   Red-necked Grebe   Podiceps grisegena Map Chart
55   Eared Grebe   Podiceps nigricollis Rare Map Chart
56   Western Grebe   Aechmophorus occidentalis Rare Map Chart
57   Clark's Grebe   Aechmophorus clarkii Rare Map Chart
  Order Columbiformes
  Family Columbidae: Pigeons and Doves
58   Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)   Columba livia (5) Map Chart
59   White-crowned Pigeon   Patagioenas leucocephala Accidental Map Chart
60   Eurasian Collared-Dove   Streptopelia decaocto (5) Map Chart
61   Common Ground-Dove   Columbina passerina Rare (2) Map Chart
62   White-winged Dove   Zenaida asiatica Rare Map Chart
63   Mourning Dove   Zenaida macroura Map Chart
  Order Cuculiformes
  Family Cuculidae: Cuckoos and Anis
64   Yellow-billed Cuckoo   Coccyzus americanus Map Chart
65   Black-billed Cuckoo   Coccyzus erythropthalmus Map Chart
66   Groove-billed Ani   Crotophaga sulcirostris Accidental Map Chart
  Order Caprimulgiformes
  Family Caprimulgidae: Goatsuckers
67   Common Nighthawk   Chordeiles minor Map Chart
68   Chuck-will's-widow   Antrostomus carolinensis Map Chart
69   Eastern Whip-poor-will   Antrostomus vociferus Map Chart
  Order Apodiformes
  Family Apodidae: Swifts
70   Chimney Swift   Chaetura pelagica Map Chart
  Family Trochilidae: Hummingbirds
71   Rivoli's/Talamanca Hummingbird   Eugenes fulgens/spectabilis Accidental Map Chart
72   Ruby-throated Hummingbird   Archilochus colubris Map Chart
73   Black-chinned Hummingbird   Archilochus alexandri Accidental Map Chart
74   Rufous Hummingbird   Selasphorus rufus Map Chart
75   Allen's Hummingbird   Selasphorus sasin Accidental Map Chart
76   Calliope Hummingbird   Selasphorus calliope Accidental Map Chart
77   Violet-crowned Hummingbird   Amazilia violiceps Accidental Map Chart
  Order Gruiformes
  Family Rallidae: Rails, Gallinules & Coots
78   Yellow Rail   Coturnicops noveboracensis Rare Map Chart
79   Black Rail   Laterallus jamaicensis Rare Map Chart
80   Clapper Rail   Rallus crepitans Map Chart
81   King Rail   Rallus elegans Map Chart
82   Virginia Rail   Rallus limicola Map Chart
83   Sora   Porzana carolina Map Chart
84   Paint-billed Crake   Neocrex erythrops Accidental Map Chart
85   Purple Gallinule   Porphyrio martinicus Rare Map Chart
86   Common Gallinule   Gallinula galeata Map Chart
87   American Coot   Fulica americana Map Chart
  Family Aramidae: Limpkin
88   Limpkin   Aramus guarauna Accidental Map Chart
  Family Gruidae: Cranes
89   Sandhill Crane   Antigone canadensis Map Chart
  Order Charadriiformes
  Family Recurvirostridae: Stilts and Avocets
90   Black-necked Stilt   Himantopus mexicanus Map Chart
91   American Avocet   Recurvirostra americana Map Chart
  Family Haematopodidae: Oystercatchers
92   American Oystercatcher   Haematopus palliatus Map Chart
  Family Charadriidae: Plovers
93   Northern Lapwing   Vanellus vanellus Accidental Map Chart
94   Black-bellied Plover   Pluvialis squatarola Map Chart
95   American Golden-Plover   Pluvialis dominica Map Chart
96   Lesser/Greater Sand-Plover   Charadrius mongolus/leschenaultii Accidental Map Chart
97   Snowy Plover   Charadrius nivosus Accidental Map Chart
98   Wilson's Plover   Charadrius wilsonia Map Chart
99   Semipalmated Plover   Charadrius semipalmatus Map Chart
100   Piping Plover   Charadrius melodus Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
101   Killdeer   Charadrius vociferus Map Chart
102   Mountain Plover   Charadrius montanus Accidental (2) Map Chart
  Family Scolopacidae: Sandpipers
103   Upland Sandpiper   Bartramia longicauda Rare Map Chart
104   Whimbrel   Numenius phaeopus Map Chart
  Whimbrel (Hudsonian)   Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus Map Chart
  Whimbrel (European)   Numenius phaeopus phaeopus Accidental Map Chart
105   Long-billed Curlew   Numenius americanus Rare Map Chart
106   Bar-tailed Godwit   Limosa lapponica Accidental Map Chart
107   Black-tailed Godwit   Limosa limosa Accidental Map Chart
108   Hudsonian Godwit   Limosa haemastica Map Chart
109   Marbled Godwit   Limosa fedoa Map Chart
110   Ruddy Turnstone   Arenaria interpres Map Chart
111   Red Knot   Calidris canutus Map Chart
112   Ruff   Calidris pugnax Rare Map Chart
113   Sharp-tailed Sandpiper   Calidris acuminata Accidental Map Chart
114   Stilt Sandpiper   Calidris himantopus Map Chart
115   Curlew Sandpiper   Calidris ferruginea Rare Map Chart
116   Red-necked Stint   Calidris ruficollis Accidental (2) Map Chart
117   Sanderling   Calidris alba Map Chart
118   Dunlin   Calidris alpina Map Chart
119   Purple Sandpiper   Calidris maritima Map Chart
120   Baird's Sandpiper   Calidris bairdii Rare Map Chart
121   Least Sandpiper   Calidris minutilla Map Chart
122   White-rumped Sandpiper   Calidris fuscicollis Map Chart
123   Buff-breasted Sandpiper   Calidris subruficollis Rare Map Chart
124   Pectoral Sandpiper   Calidris melanotos Map Chart
125   Semipalmated Sandpiper   Calidris pusilla Map Chart
126   Western Sandpiper   Calidris mauri Map Chart
127   Short-billed Dowitcher   Limnodromus griseus Map Chart
  Short-billed Dowitcher (griseus)   Limnodromus griseus griseus Map Chart
  Short-billed Dowitcher (hendersoni)   Limnodromus griseus hendersoni Map Chart
128   Long-billed Dowitcher   Limnodromus scolopaceus Rare Map Chart
129   Eurasian Woodcock   Scolopax rusticola Accidental Map Chart
130   American Woodcock   Scolopax minor Map Chart
131   Wilson's Snipe   Gallinago delicata Map Chart
132   Terek Sandpiper   Xenus cinereus Accidental Map Chart
133   Spotted Sandpiper   Actitis macularius Map Chart
134   Solitary Sandpiper   Tringa solitaria Map Chart
135   Lesser Yellowlegs   Tringa flavipes Map Chart
136   Willet   Tringa semipalmata Map Chart
  Willet (Eastern)   Tringa semipalmata semipalmata Map Chart
  Willet (Western)   Tringa semipalmata inornata Map Chart
137   Greater Yellowlegs   Tringa melanoleuca Map Chart
138   Wilson's Phalarope   Phalaropus tricolor Map Chart
139   Red-necked Phalarope   Phalaropus lobatus Map Chart
140   Red Phalarope   Phalaropus fulicarius Map Chart
  Family Stercorariidae: Jaegers and Skuas
141   Great Skua   Stercorarius skua Rare Map Chart
142   South Polar Skua   Stercorarius maccormicki Accidental Map Chart
143   Pomarine Jaeger   Stercorarius pomarinus Map Chart
144   Parasitic Jaeger   Stercorarius parasiticus Map Chart
145   Long-tailed Jaeger   Stercorarius longicaudus Map Chart
  Family Alcidae: Puffins, Murres & Auks
146   Dovekie   Alle alle Map Chart
147   Common Murre   Uria aalge Accidental Map Chart
148   Thick-billed Murre   Uria lomvia Rare Map Chart
149   Razorbill   Alca torda Rare Map Chart
150   Black Guillemot   Cepphus grylle Accidental (2) Map Chart
151   Atlantic Puffin   Fratercula arctica Map Chart
  Family Laridae: Gulls, Terns & Skimmers
152   Black-legged Kittiwake   Rissa tridactyla Map Chart
153   Sabine's Gull   Xema sabini Rare Map Chart
154   Bonaparte's Gull   Chroicocephalus philadelphia Map Chart
155   Black-headed Gull   Chroicocephalus ridibundus Rare Map Chart
156   Little Gull   Hydrocoloeus minutus Rare Map Chart
157   Laughing Gull   Leucophaeus atricilla Map Chart
158   Franklin's Gull   Leucophaeus pipixcan Rare Map Chart
159   Black-tailed Gull   Larus crassirostris Accidental Map Chart
160   Heermann's Gull   Larus heermanni Accidental Map Chart
161   Mew Gull   Larus canus Accidental Map Chart
  Mew Gull (European)   Larus canus canus Accidental Map Chart
  Mew Gull (American)   Larus canus brachyrhynchus Accidental Map Chart
162   Ring-billed Gull   Larus delawarensis Map Chart
163   California Gull   Larus californicus Rare Map Chart
164   Herring Gull   Larus argentatus Map Chart
165   Yellow-legged Gull   Larus michahellis Accidental Map Chart
166   Iceland Gull   Larus glaucoides Rare Map Chart
  Iceland Gull (Kumlien's)   Larus glaucoides kumlieni Rare Map Chart
  Iceland Gull (Thayer's)   Larus glaucoides thayeri Rare Map Chart
167   Lesser Black-backed Gull   Larus fuscus Map Chart
168   Glaucous Gull   Larus hyperboreus Rare Map Chart
169   Great Black-backed Gull   Larus marinus Map Chart
170   Brown Noddy   Anous stolidus Accidental (2) Map Chart
171   Sooty Tern   Onychoprion fuscatus Rare Map Chart
172   Bridled Tern   Onychoprion anaethetus Rare Map Chart
173   Least Tern   Sternula antillarum Map Chart
174   Gull-billed Tern   Gelochelidon nilotica Map Chart
175   Caspian Tern   Hydroprogne caspia Map Chart
176   Black Tern   Chlidonias niger Map Chart
177   White-winged Tern   Chlidonias leucopterus Rare Map Chart
178   Roseate Tern   Sterna dougallii Rare Map Chart
179   Common Tern   Sterna hirundo Map Chart
180   Arctic Tern   Sterna paradisaea Rare Map Chart
181   Forster's Tern   Sterna forsteri Map Chart
182   Royal Tern   Thalasseus maximus Map Chart
183   Sandwich Tern   Thalasseus sandvicensis Map Chart
184   Elegant Tern   Thalasseus elegans Accidental Map Chart
185   Black Skimmer   Rynchops niger Map Chart
  Order Phaethontiformes
  Family Phaethontidae: Tropicbirds
186   White-tailed Tropicbird   Phaethon lepturus Accidental Map Chart
187   Red-billed Tropicbird   Phaethon aethereus Accidental (2) Map Chart
  Order Gaviiformes
  Family Gaviidae: Loons
188   Red-throated Loon   Gavia stellata Map Chart
189   Pacific Loon   Gavia pacifica Rare Map Chart
190   Common Loon   Gavia immer Map Chart
  Order Procellariiformes
  Family Diomedeidae: Albatrosses
191   Yellow-nosed Albatross   Thalassarche chlororhynchos Accidental (2) Map Chart
192   Black-browed Albatross   Thalassarche melanophris Accidental Map Chart
  Family Procellariidae: Petrels, Shearwaters & Fulmars
193   Northern Fulmar   Fulmarus glacialis Map Chart
194   Trindade Petrel   Pterodroma arminjoniana Accidental Map Chart
195   Bermuda Petrel   Pterodroma cahow Accidental Map Chart
196   Black-capped Petrel   Pterodroma hasitata Rare Map Chart
197   Fea's Petrel   Pterodroma feae Accidental (2) Map Chart
198   Bulwer's Petrel   Bulweria bulwerii Accidental (2) Map Chart
199   Cory's Shearwater   Calonectris diomedea Map Chart
200   Sooty Shearwater   Ardenna grisea Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
201   Great Shearwater   Ardenna gravis Map Chart
202   Manx Shearwater   Puffinus puffinus Map Chart
203   Audubon's Shearwater   Puffinus lherminieri Map Chart
  Family Hydrobatidae: Storm-Petrels
204   Wilson's Storm-Petrel   Oceanites oceanicus Map Chart
205   White-faced Storm-Petrel   Pelagodroma marina Rare Map Chart
206   Leach's Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma leucorhoa Rare Map Chart
207   Band-rumped Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma castro Rare Map Chart
  Order Ciconiiformes
  Family Ciconiidae: Storks
208   Wood Stork   Mycteria americana Rare Map Chart
  Order Suliformes
  Family Fregatidae: Frigatebirds
209   Magnificent Frigatebird   Fregata magnificens Rare Map Chart
  Family Sulidae: Gannets and Boobies
210   Brown Booby   Sula leucogaster Accidental Map Chart
211   Northern Gannet   Morus bassanus Map Chart
  Family Phalacrocoracidae: Cormorants
212   Neotropic Cormorant   Phalacrocorax brasilianus Accidental (2) Map Chart
213   Double-crested Cormorant   Phalacrocorax auritus Map Chart
214   Great Cormorant   Phalacrocorax carbo Map Chart
  Family Anhingidae: Darters
215   Anhinga   Anhinga anhinga Rare Map Chart
  Order Pelecaniformes
  Family Pelecanidae: Pelicans
216   American White Pelican   Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Map Chart
217   Brown Pelican   Pelecanus occidentalis Map Chart
  Family Ardeidae: Bitterns, Herons & Egrets
218   American Bittern   Botaurus lentiginosus Map Chart
219   Least Bittern   Ixobrychus exilis Map Chart
220   Great Blue Heron   Ardea herodias Map Chart
  Great Blue Heron (White form)   Ardea herodias occidentalis Rare Map Chart
221   Great Egret   Ardea alba Map Chart
222   Little Egret   Egretta garzetta Accidental Map Chart
223   Snowy Egret   Egretta thula Map Chart
224   Little Blue Heron   Egretta caerulea Map Chart
225   Tricolored Heron   Egretta tricolor Map Chart
226   Reddish Egret   Egretta rufescens Accidental Map Chart
227   Cattle Egret   Bubulcus ibis Map Chart
228   Green Heron   Butorides virescens Map Chart
229   Black-crowned Night-Heron   Nycticorax nycticorax Map Chart
230   Yellow-crowned Night-Heron   Nyctanassa violacea Map Chart
  Family Threskiornithidae: Ibises and Spoonbills
231   White Ibis   Eudocimus albus Map Chart
232   Glossy Ibis   Plegadis falcinellus Map Chart
233   White-faced Ibis   Plegadis chihi Rare Map Chart
234   Roseate Spoonbill   Platalea ajaja Accidental Map Chart
  Order Cathartiformes
  Family Cathartidae: New World Vultures
235   Black Vulture   Coragyps atratus Map Chart
236   Turkey Vulture   Cathartes aura Map Chart
  Order Accipitriformes
  Family Pandionidae: Osprey
237   Osprey   Pandion haliaetus Map Chart
  Family Accipitridae: Kites, Hawks & Eagles
238   Swallow-tailed Kite   Elanoides forficatus Rare Map Chart
239   White-tailed Kite   Elanus leucurus Accidental Map Chart
240   Mississippi Kite   Ictinia mississippiensis Map Chart
241   Bald Eagle   Haliaeetus leucocephalus Map Chart
242   Western Marsh Harrier   Circus aeruginosus Accidental (2) Map Chart
243   Northern Harrier   Circus hudsonicus Map Chart
244   Sharp-shinned Hawk   Accipiter striatus Map Chart
245   Cooper's Hawk   Accipiter cooperii Map Chart
246   Northern Goshawk   Accipiter gentilis Rare Map Chart
247   Red-shouldered Hawk   Buteo lineatus Map Chart
248   Broad-winged Hawk   Buteo platypterus Map Chart
249   Swainson's Hawk   Buteo swainsoni Rare Map Chart
250   Zone-tailed Hawk   Buteo albonotatus Accidental Map Chart
251   Red-tailed Hawk   Buteo jamaicensis Map Chart
  Red-tailed Hawk (Harlan's)   Buteo jamaicensis harlani Accidental (2) Map Chart
252   Rough-legged Hawk   Buteo lagopus Map Chart
253   Ferruginous Hawk   Buteo regalis Accidental Map Chart
254   Golden Eagle   Aquila chrysaetos Rare Map Chart
  Order Strigiformes
  Family Tytonidae: Barn Owls
255   Barn Owl   Tyto alba Map Chart
  Family Strigidae: Typical Owls
256   Eastern Screech-Owl   Megascops asio Map Chart
257   Great Horned Owl   Bubo virginianus Map Chart
258   Snowy Owl   Bubo scandiacus Rare Map Chart
259   Burrowing Owl   Athene cunicularia Accidental Map Chart
260   Barred Owl   Strix varia Map Chart
261   Long-eared Owl   Asio otus Rare Map Chart
262   Short-eared Owl   Asio flammeus Map Chart
263   Northern Saw-whet Owl   Aegolius acadicus Map Chart
  Order Coraciiformes
  Family Alcedinidae: Kingfishers
264   Belted Kingfisher   Megaceryle alcyon Map Chart
  Order Piciformes
  Family Picidae: Woodpeckers
265   Lewis's Woodpecker   Melanerpes lewis Accidental Map Chart
266   Red-headed Woodpecker   Melanerpes erythrocephalus Map Chart
267   Red-bellied Woodpecker   Melanerpes carolinus Map Chart
268   Yellow-bellied Sapsucker   Sphyrapicus varius Map Chart
269   Downy Woodpecker   Picoides pubescens Map Chart
270   Hairy Woodpecker   Picoides villosus Map Chart
271   Red-cockaded Woodpecker   Picoides borealis Rare Map Chart
272   Northern Flicker   Colaptes auratus Map Chart
273   Pileated Woodpecker   Dryocopus pileatus Map Chart
  Order Falconiformes
  Family Falconidae: Falcons
274   Crested Caracara   Caracara cheriway Accidental Map Chart
275   American Kestrel   Falco sparverius Map Chart
276   Merlin   Falco columbarius Map Chart
  Merlin (Taiga)   Falco columbarius columbarius Map Chart
  Merlin (Prairie)   Falco columbarius richardsonii Accidental Map Chart
277   Gyrfalcon   Falco rusticolus Accidental Map Chart
278   Peregrine Falcon   Falco peregrinus Map Chart
  Order Psittaciformes
  Family Psittacidae: Parrots
279   Monk Parakeet   Myiopsitta monachus (5) Map Chart
  Order Passeriformes
  Family Tyrannidae: Tyrant Flycatchers
280   Olive-sided Flycatcher   Contopus cooperi Rare Map Chart
281   Western Wood-Pewee   Contopus sordidulus Accidental Map Chart
282   Eastern Wood-Pewee   Contopus virens Map Chart
283   Yellow-bellied Flycatcher   Empidonax flaviventris Rare Map Chart
284   Acadian Flycatcher   Empidonax virescens Map Chart
285   Alder Flycatcher   Empidonax alnorum Map Chart
286   Willow Flycatcher   Empidonax traillii Map Chart
287   Least Flycatcher   Empidonax minimus Map Chart
288   Dusky Flycatcher   Empidonax oberholseri Accidental Map Chart
289   Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher   Empidonax difficilis/occidentalis Accidental Map Chart
290   Eastern Phoebe   Sayornis phoebe Map Chart
291   Say's Phoebe   Sayornis saya Rare Map Chart
292   Vermilion Flycatcher   Pyrocephalus rubinus Accidental Map Chart
293   Ash-throated Flycatcher   Myiarchus cinerascens Rare Map Chart
294   Great Crested Flycatcher   Myiarchus crinitus Map Chart
295   Tropical/Couch's Kingbird   Tyrannus melancholicus/couchii Accidental Map Chart
296   Western Kingbird   Tyrannus verticalis Rare Map Chart
297   Eastern Kingbird   Tyrannus tyrannus Map Chart
298   Gray Kingbird   Tyrannus dominicensis Rare Map Chart
299   Scissor-tailed Flycatcher   Tyrannus forficatus Rare Map Chart
300   Fork-tailed Flycatcher   Tyrannus savana Rare Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
  Family Laniidae: Shrikes
301   Loggerhead Shrike   Lanius ludovicianus Map Chart
302   Northern Shrike   Lanius borealis Rare Map Chart
  Family Vireonidae: Vireos
303   White-eyed Vireo   Vireo griseus Map Chart
304   Bell's Vireo   Vireo bellii Accidental Map Chart
305   Yellow-throated Vireo   Vireo flavifrons Map Chart
306   Blue-headed Vireo   Vireo solitarius Map Chart
307   Philadelphia Vireo   Vireo philadelphicus Map Chart
308   Warbling Vireo   Vireo gilvus Map Chart
309   Red-eyed Vireo   Vireo olivaceus Map Chart
310   Black-whiskered Vireo   Vireo altiloquus Accidental Map Chart
  Family Corvidae: Jays, Crows & Magpies
311   Blue Jay   Cyanocitta cristata Map Chart
312   Black-billed Magpie   Pica hudsonia Accidental Map Chart
313   American Crow   Corvus brachyrhynchos Map Chart
314   Fish Crow   Corvus ossifragus Map Chart
315   Common Raven   Corvus corax Map Chart
  Family Alaudidae: Larks
316   Horned Lark   Eremophila alpestris Map Chart
  Family Hirundinidae: Martins and Swallows
317   Purple Martin   Progne subis Map Chart
318   Brown-chested Martin   Progne tapera Accidental (2) Map Chart
319   Tree Swallow   Tachycineta bicolor Map Chart
320   Violet-green Swallow   Tachycineta thalassina Accidental Map Chart
321   Northern Rough-winged Swallow   Stelgidopteryx serripennis Map Chart
322   Bank Swallow   Riparia riparia Map Chart
323   Cliff Swallow   Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Map Chart
324   Cave Swallow   Petrochelidon fulva Rare Map Chart
325   Barn Swallow   Hirundo rustica Map Chart
  Family Paridae: Chickadees and Titmice
326   Carolina Chickadee   Poecile carolinensis Map Chart
327   Black-capped Chickadee   Poecile atricapillus Map Chart
328   Boreal Chickadee   Poecile hudsonicus Accidental (2) Map Chart
329   Tufted Titmouse   Baeolophus bicolor Map Chart
  Family Sittidae: Nuthatches
330   Red-breasted Nuthatch   Sitta canadensis Map Chart
331   White-breasted Nuthatch   Sitta carolinensis Map Chart
332   Brown-headed Nuthatch   Sitta pusilla Map Chart
  Family Certhiidae: Creepers
333   Brown Creeper   Certhia americana Map Chart
  Family Troglodytidae: Wrens
334   Rock Wren   Salpinctes obsoletus Accidental Map Chart
335   House Wren   Troglodytes aedon Map Chart
336   Winter Wren   Troglodytes hiemalis Map Chart
337   Sedge Wren   Cistothorus platensis Map Chart
338   Marsh Wren   Cistothorus palustris Map Chart
339   Carolina Wren   Thryothorus ludovicianus Map Chart
340   Bewick's Wren   Thryomanes bewickii Rare Map Chart
  Family Sylviidae: Gnatcatchers
341   Blue-gray Gnatcatcher   Polioptila caerulea Map Chart
  Family Regulidae: Kinglets
342   Golden-crowned Kinglet   Regulus satrapa Map Chart
343   Ruby-crowned Kinglet   Regulus calendula Map Chart
  Family Muscicapidae: Old World Flycatchers
344   Northern Wheatear   Oenanthe oenanthe Accidental Map Chart
  Family Turdidae: Thrushes
345   Eastern Bluebird   Sialia sialis Map Chart
346   Mountain Bluebird   Sialia currucoides Accidental Map Chart
347   Townsend's Solitaire   Myadestes townsendi Accidental Map Chart
348   Veery   Catharus fuscescens Map Chart
349   Gray-cheeked Thrush   Catharus minimus Map Chart
350   Bicknell's Thrush   Catharus bicknelli Rare Map Chart
351   Swainson's Thrush   Catharus ustulatus Map Chart
352   Hermit Thrush   Catharus guttatus Map Chart
353   Wood Thrush   Hylocichla mustelina Map Chart
354   American Robin   Turdus migratorius Map Chart
355   Varied Thrush   Ixoreus naevius Rare Map Chart
  Family Mimidae: Catbirds, Mockingbirds & Thrashers
356   Gray Catbird   Dumetella carolinensis Map Chart
357   Brown Thrasher   Toxostoma rufum Map Chart
358   Sage Thrasher   Oreoscoptes montanus Accidental (2) Map Chart
359   Northern Mockingbird   Mimus polyglottos Map Chart
  Family Sturnidae: Starlings
360   European Starling   Sturnus vulgaris (5) Map Chart
  Family Bombycillidae: Waxwings
361   Bohemian Waxwing   Bombycilla garrulus Accidental Map Chart
362   Cedar Waxwing   Bombycilla cedrorum Map Chart
  Family Passeridae: Old World Sparrows
363   House Sparrow   Passer domesticus (5) Map Chart
  Family Motacillidae: Pipits
364   American Pipit   Anthus rubescens Map Chart
365   Sprague's Pipit   Anthus spragueii Accidental (2) Map Chart
  Family Fringillidae: Siskins, Crossbills & Allies
366   Evening Grosbeak   Coccothraustes vespertinus Rare Map Chart
367   Pine Grosbeak   Pinicola enucleator Rare Map Chart
368   House Finch   Haemorhous mexicanus (5) Map Chart
369   Purple Finch   Haemorhous purpureus Map Chart
370   Common Redpoll   Acanthis flammea Rare Map Chart
371   Hoary Redpoll   Acanthis hornemanni Accidental Map Chart
372   Red Crossbill   Loxia curvirostra Rare Map Chart
373   White-winged Crossbill   Loxia leucoptera Rare Map Chart
374   European Goldfinch   Carduelis carduelis Accidental (3a) Map Chart
375   Pine Siskin   Spinus pinus Map Chart
376   Lesser Goldfinch   Spinus psaltria Accidental Map Chart
377   American Goldfinch   Spinus tristis Map Chart
  Family Calcariidae: Longspurs and Snow Buntings
378   Lapland Longspur   Calcarius lapponicus Rare Map Chart
379   Chestnut-collared Longspur   Calcarius ornatus Accidental (2) Map Chart
380   Smith's Longspur   Calcarius pictus Accidental Map Chart
381   Snow Bunting   Plectrophenax nivalis Map Chart
  Family Passerellidae: New World Sparrows and Towhees
382   Green-tailed Towhee   Pipilo chlorurus Accidental Map Chart
383   Spotted Towhee   Pipilo maculatus Accidental (2) Map Chart
384   Eastern Towhee   Pipilo erythrophthalmus Map Chart
385   Bachman's Sparrow   Peucaea aestivalis Rare Map Chart
386   American Tree Sparrow   Spizelloides arborea Map Chart
387   Chipping Sparrow   Spizella passerina Map Chart
388   Clay-colored Sparrow   Spizella pallida Rare Map Chart
389   Brewer's Sparrow   Spizella breweri Accidental Map Chart
390   Field Sparrow   Spizella pusilla Map Chart
391   Vesper Sparrow   Pooecetes gramineus Map Chart
392   Lark Sparrow   Chondestes grammacus Rare Map Chart
393   Black-throated Sparrow   Amphispiza bilineata Accidental Map Chart
394   Lark Bunting   Calamospiza melanocorys Accidental Map Chart
395   Savannah Sparrow   Passerculus sandwichensis Map Chart
  Savannah Sparrow (Ipswich)   Passerculus sandwichensis princeps Map Chart
396   Grasshopper Sparrow   Ammodramus savannarum Map Chart
397   Henslow's Sparrow   Ammodramus henslowii Rare Map Chart
398   LeConte's Sparrow   Ammodramus leconteii Rare Map Chart
399   Nelson's Sparrow   Ammodramus nelsoni nelsoni Map Chart
  Nelson's Sparrow (Nelson's)   Ammodramus nelsoni nelsoni Map Chart
  Nelson's Sparrow (James Bay)   Ammodramus nelsoni alter Map Chart
  Nelson's Sparrow (Atlantic Coast)   Ammodramus nelsoni subvirgatus Map Chart
400   Saltmarsh Sparrow   Ammodramus caudacutus Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
401   Seaside Sparrow   Ammodramus maritimus Map Chart
402   Fox Sparrow   Passerella iliaca Map Chart
  Fox Sparrow (Red)   Passerella iliaca iliaca Map Chart
403   Song Sparrow   Melospiza melodia Map Chart
404   Lincoln's Sparrow   Melospiza lincolnii Map Chart
405   Swamp Sparrow   Melospiza georgiana Map Chart
406   White-throated Sparrow   Zonotrichia albicollis Map Chart
407   Harris's Sparrow   Zonotrichia querula Rare Map Chart
408   White-crowned Sparrow   Zonotrichia leucophrys Map Chart
  White-crowned Sparrow (Gambel's)   Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii Accidental Map Chart
409   Dark-eyed Junco   Junco hyemalis Map Chart
  Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon)   Junco hyemalis montanus Rare Map Chart
  Dark-eyed Junco (Pink-sided)   Junco hyemalis mearnsi Accidental Map Chart
  Family Icteriidae: Yellow-breasted Chat
410   Yellow-breasted Chat   Icteria virens Map Chart
  Family Icteridae: Blackbirds, Meadowlarks & Orioles
411   Yellow-headed Blackbird   Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Rare Map Chart
412   Bobolink   Dolichonyx oryzivorus Map Chart
413   Eastern Meadowlark   Sturnella magna Map Chart
414   Orchard Oriole   Icterus spurius Map Chart
415   Bullock's Oriole   Icterus bullockii Rare Map Chart
416   Baltimore Oriole   Icterus galbula Map Chart
417   Red-winged Blackbird   Agelaius phoeniceus Map Chart
418   Shiny Cowbird   Molothrus bonariensis Accidental (2) Map Chart
419   Brown-headed Cowbird   Molothrus ater Map Chart
420   Rusty Blackbird   Euphagus carolinus Map Chart
421   Brewer's Blackbird   Euphagus cyanocephalus Rare Map Chart
422   Common Grackle   Quiscalus quiscula Map Chart
423   Boat-tailed Grackle   Quiscalus major Map Chart
  Family Parulidae: Wood Warblers
424   Ovenbird   Seiurus aurocapilla Map Chart
425   Worm-eating Warbler   Helmitheros vermivorum Map Chart
426   Louisiana Waterthrush   Parkesia motacilla Map Chart
427   Northern Waterthrush   Parkesia noveboracensis Map Chart
428   Bachman's Warbler   Vermivora bachmanii Extinct Map Chart
429   Golden-winged Warbler   Vermivora chrysoptera Map Chart
430   Blue-winged Warbler   Vermivora cyanoptera Map Chart
431   Black-and-white Warbler   Mniotilta varia Map Chart
432   Prothonotary Warbler   Protonotaria citrea Map Chart
433   Swainson's Warbler   Limnothlypis swainsonii Map Chart
434   Tennessee Warbler   Oreothlypis peregrina Map Chart
435   Orange-crowned Warbler   Oreothlypis celata Map Chart
436   Lucy's Warbler   Oreothlypis luciae Accidental Map Chart
437   Nashville Warbler   Oreothlypis ruficapilla Map Chart
438   Connecticut Warbler   Oporornis agilis Rare Map Chart
439   MacGillivray's Warbler   Geothlypis tolmiei Accidental Map Chart
440   Mourning Warbler   Geothlypis philadelphia Map Chart
441   Kentucky Warbler   Geothlypis formosa Map Chart
442   Common Yellowthroat   Geothlypis trichas Map Chart
443   Hooded Warbler   Setophaga citrina Map Chart
444   American Redstart   Setophaga ruticilla Map Chart
445   Kirtland's Warbler   Setophaga kirtlandii Accidental Map Chart
446   Cape May Warbler   Setophaga tigrina Map Chart
447   Cerulean Warbler   Setophaga cerulea Map Chart
448   Northern Parula   Setophaga americana Map Chart
449   Magnolia Warbler   Setophaga magnolia Map Chart
450   Bay-breasted Warbler   Setophaga castanea Map Chart
451   Blackburnian Warbler   Setophaga fusca Map Chart
452   Yellow Warbler   Setophaga petechia Map Chart
453   Chestnut-sided Warbler   Setophaga pensylvanica Map Chart
454   Blackpoll Warbler   Setophaga striata Map Chart
455   Black-throated Blue Warbler   Setophaga caerulescens Map Chart
456   Palm Warbler   Setophaga palmarum Map Chart
  Palm Warbler (Western)   Setophaga palmarum palmarum Map Chart
  Palm Warbler (Yellow)   Setophaga palmarum hypochrysea Map Chart
457   Pine Warbler   Setophaga pinus Map Chart
458   Yellow-rumped Warbler   Setophaga coronata Map Chart
  Yellow-rumped Warbler (Myrtle)   Setophaga coronata coronata Map Chart
  Yellow-rumped Warbler (Audubon's)   Setophaga coronata auduboni Accidental Map Chart
459   Yellow-throated Warbler   Setophaga dominica Map Chart
460   Prairie Warbler   Setophaga discolor Map Chart
461   Black-throated Gray Warbler   Setophaga nigrescens Accidental Map Chart
462   Townsend's Warbler   Setophaga townsendi Accidental Map Chart
463   Black-throated Green Warbler   Setophaga virens Map Chart
464   Canada Warbler   Cardellina canadensis Map Chart
465   Wilson's Warbler   Cardellina pusilla Map Chart
  Family Cardinalidae: Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks & Dickcissels
466   Summer Tanager   Piranga rubra Map Chart
467   Scarlet Tanager   Piranga olivacea Map Chart
468   Western Tanager   Piranga ludoviciana Rare Map Chart
469   Northern Cardinal   Cardinalis cardinalis Map Chart
470   Rose-breasted Grosbeak   Pheucticus ludovicianus Map Chart
471   Black-headed Grosbeak   Pheucticus melanocephalus Rare Map Chart
472   Blue Grosbeak   Passerina caerulea Map Chart
473   Lazuli Bunting   Passerina amoena Accidental Map Chart
474   Indigo Bunting   Passerina cyanea Map Chart
475   Painted Bunting   Passerina ciris Rare Map Chart
476   Dickcissel   Spiza americana Rare Map Chart
Species Believed to Have Occurred Historically
  Eskimo Curlew   Numenius borealis (4) Map Chart
  Passenger Pigeon   Ectopistes migratorius (4) Map Chart
  Carolina Parakeet   Conuropsis carolinensis (4) Map Chart