Review List for Virginia

Effective April 1, 2017

The following species, field-identifiable superspecies/subspecies, and color morphs have already been documented and accepted in the Commonwealth of Virginia and are reviewable statewide except as indicated. The list follows the sequence of the AOU Checklist as revised in the 57th Supplement (July 2016).

Eastern Coastal Plain is defined as the following counties/cities: Accomack, Chesapeake, Gloucester, Hampton, Lancaster, Mathews, Middlesex, Newport News, Norfolk, Northampton, Northumberland, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Richmond County, Suffolk, Virginia Beach, Westmoreland.

Common Name The following species are reviewable statewide except as indicated.
  Black-bellied Whistling-Duck
  West Indian Whistling-Duck
  Fulvous Whistling-Duck
  Ross’s Goose (blue morph)
  Brant ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & York Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Brant (forms/taxa other than hrota)
  Barnacle Goose
  Trumpeter Swan ✔ except west of I-95 and north of I-64.
  Eurasian Wigeon ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Cinnamon Teal
  White-cheeked Pintail
  Garganey
  Eurasian Green-winged Teal (Common Teal)
  Tufted Duck
  King Eider ✔ except Chesapeake Bay-Bridge Tunnel, Eastern Shore, Norfolk and Virginia Beach.
  Common Eider ✔ except Chesapeake Bay-Bridge Tunnel, Eastern Shore, Norfolk and Virginia Beach.
  Harlequin Duck ✔ except Chesapeake Bay-Bridge Tunnel, Eastern Shore, Norfolk and Virginia Beach.
  Barrow’s Goldeneye
  Ruffed Grouse ✔ except Mountains & Valleys.
  American Flamingo
  Phoenicopterus sp. (unidentified flamingo)
  Eared Grebe ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & South Holston Lake.
  Western Grebe
  Clark's Grebe
  White-crowned Pigeon
  Common Ground-Dove
  White-winged Dove ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Groove-billed Ani
  Magnificent Hummingbird
  Black-chinned Hummingbird
  Calliope Hummingbird
  Allen’s Hummingbird
  Violet-crowned Hummingbird
  Yellow Rail
  Black Rail
  Clapper Rail ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, York Co. James City Co. Isle of Wight Co. & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Paint-billed Crake
  Purple Gallinule
  Limpkin
  Black-necked Stilt ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  American Avocet ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  American Oystercatcher ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & York Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Northern Lapwing
  Lesser/Greater Sand-Plover
  Snowy Plover
  Wilson’s Plover ✔ Except barrier islands of Accomack County.
  Piping Plover ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Mountain Plover
  Whimbrel ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Whimbrel (taxa other than hudsonicus)
  Long-billed Curlew ✔ except barrier island lagoon system
  Black-tailed Godwit
  Hudsonian Godwit ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Bar-tailed Godwit
  Marbled Godwit ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Ruddy Turnstone ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Red Knot ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Ruff
  Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
  Curlew Sandpiper
  Red-necked Stint
  Purple Sandpiper ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-rumped Sandpiper ✔ except Mountains & Valleys, Coastal Plain.
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper ✔ except Coastal Plain and Piedmont
  Long-billed Dowitcher ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Eurasian Woodcock
  Terek Sandpiper
  Willet ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Wilson’s Phalarope ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Red-necked Phalarope ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Red Phalarope ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Great Skua ✔ except pelagic.
  South Polar Skua
  Pomarine Jaeger ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Parasitic Jaeger ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Long-tailed Jaeger ✔ except pelagic.
  Dovekie ✔ except pelagic.
  Common Murre
  Thick-billed Murre
  Uria sp. (unidentified murre)
  Razorbill ✔ Except pelagic, CBBT, Eastern Shore and VA Beach.
  Black Guillemot
  Atlantic Puffin ✔ except pelagic.
  Black-legged Kittiwake ✔ except pelagic.
  Sabine’s Gull
  Black-headed Gull ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Little Gull ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Laughing Gull ✔ except Coastal Plain and Piedmont
  Franklin’s Gull ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Black-tailed Gull
  Heermann’s Gull
  Mew Gull
  California Gull
  Yellow-legged Gull
  Thayer’s Gull
  Iceland Gull ✔ except Coastal Plain & Prince William Co.
  Lesser Black-backed Gull ✔ except Coastal Plain and Piedmont
  Glaucous Gull ✔ except Coastal Plain & Prince William Co.
  Great Black-backed Gull ✔ except Coastal Plain & Piedmont north of I-64.
  Brown Noddy
  Sooty Tern ✔ except pelagic.
  Bridled Tern ✔ except pelagic.
  Least Tern ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight County east of Rt. 17, James City Co. York Co. Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Gull-billed Tern ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain
  White-winged Tern
  Roseate Tern
  Arctic Tern
  Royal Tern ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Sandwich Tern ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Elegant Tern
  Black Skimmer ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-tailed Tropicbird
  Red-billed Tropicbird
  Red-throated Loon ✔ except Coastal Plain & Kerr Reservoir.
  Pacific Loon
  Yellow-nosed Albatross
  Black-browed Albatross
  Northern Fulmar ✔ except pelagic.
  Trindade Petrel
  Bermuda Petrel
  Black-capped Petrel
  Fea’s Petrel
  Bulwer’s Petrel
  Cory’s Shearwater ✔ except pelagic.
  Sooty Shearwater ✔ except pelagic.
  Great Shearwater ✔ except pelagic.
  Manx Shearwater ✔ except pelagic.
  Audubon’s Shearwater ✔ except pelagic.
  Wilson’s Storm-Petrel ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-faced Storm-Petrel
  Leach’s Storm-Petrel ✔ except pelagic.
  Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
  Wood Stork
  Magnificent Frigatebird
  Fregata sp. (unidentified frigatebird)
  Brown Booby
  Northern Gannet ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, York Co. Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Neotropic Cormorant
  Great Cormorant ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Anhinga ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain south of I-64 and Greensville, Southampton and York Counties
  American White Pelican ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, James City Co. and Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Brown Pelican ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17, James City Co. & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Little Egret
  Snowy Egret ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Tricolored Heron ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Reddish Egret
  Cattle Egret ✔ except Piedmont & Coastal Plain.
  White Ibis ✔ except Piedmont & Coastal Plain.
  Glossy Ibis ✔ except Coastal Plain & Piedmont north of I-64.
  White-faced Ibis
  Roseate Spoonbill
  Swallow-tailed Kite ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-tailed Kite
  Western Marsh-Harrier
  Broad-winged Hawk (dark morph)
  Swainson’s Hawk ✔ except Northampton Co.
  Zone-tailed Hawk
  Red-tailed Hawk (forms/taxa other than borealis)
  Ferruginous Hawk
  Burrowing Owl
  Lewis’s Woodpecker
  Red-cockaded Woodpecker ✔ except Sussex Co.
  Crested Caracara
  Merlin, richardsonii ssp.
  Gyrfalcon
  Western Wood-Pewee
  Alder Flycatcher ✔ except Mountains & Valleys.
  Dusky Flycatcher
  Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher
  Say’s Phoebe
  Vermilion Flycatcher
  Ash-throated Flycatcher
  Western Kingbird ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Gray Kingbird
  Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
  Fork-tailed Flycatcher
  Loggerhead Shrike ✔ except Mountains & Valleys, Piedmont.
  Northern Shrike
  Bell’s Vireo
  Black-whiskered Vireo
  Black-billed Magpie
  Common Raven ✔ except Mountains & Valleys, Piedmont.
  Violet-green Swallow
  Cave Swallow ✔ except Northampton Co.
  Black-capped Chickadee ✔ except Mountains & Valleys.
  Boreal Chickadee
  Rock Wren
  Bewick’s Wren
  Northern Wheatear
  Mountain Bluebird
  Townsend’s Solitaire
  Bicknell’s Thrush
  Varied Thrush
  Sage Thrasher
  Bohemian Waxwing
  Sprague’s Pipit
  Pine Grosbeak
  White-winged Crossbill
  Hoary Redpoll
  Chestnut-collared Longspur
  Smith's Longspur
  Bachman’s Warbler
  MacGillivray’s Warbler
  Kirtland’s Warbler
  Audubon’s Yellow-rumped Warbler (auduboni)
  Black-throated Gray Warbler
  Townsend’s Warbler
  Green-tailed Towhee
  Spotted Towhee
  Bachman’s Sparrow
  Brewer’s Sparrow
  Black-throated Sparrow
  Lark Bunting
  Savannah Sparrow, princeps ssp. (Ipswich Sparrow) ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Henslow’s Sparrow
  Le Conte’s Sparrow ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Nelson’s Sparrow ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17 & York Co.
  Saltmarsh Sparrow ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Seaside Sparrow ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain and York Co. & Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Harris’s Sparrow
  Gambel’s White-crowned Sparrow (gambelii)
  Dark-eyed Junco (ssp. other than hyemalis and carolinensis)
  Western Tanager ✔ except Coastal Plain
  Black-headed Grosbeak
  Lazuli Bunting
  Painted Bunting ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Yellow-headed Blackbird ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Boat-tailed Grackle ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight Co. & York Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Shiny Cowbird
  Bullock’s Oriole