The Birds of Virginia and its Offshore Waters: The Official List

Effective October 3, 2019

The list below contains both species and selected subspecies that have been documented in the Commonwealth of Virginia as of October 2019. The list follows the sequence and nomenclature of the American Ornithological Society Checklist for North and Middle American Birds, as revised through the 60th Supplement (June 2019).  There are 474 species plus 30 additional subspecies on the official list, of which 101 are accidental and two introduced species currently are not maintaining self-sustaining populations in Virginia. The list also includes three entries for species pairs in which either species represents an addition to the official list, although the species involved was not conclusively identified (Lesser/Greater Sand-Plover, Pacific Slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher and Tropical/Couch's Kingbird). Four extinct species with historical records are listed after the main list. In some cases, code numbers appear in parentheses following the names of these species or subspecies. These numbers refer to the Category in which the birds are placed by the Virginia Avian Records Committee. Unless otherwise indicated, all species are Category 1 birds.

Category 1. Any bird that has occurred in Virginia and has been accepted by VARCOM as a wild bird on the basis of an observation accompanied by a clearly identifiable photograph, specimen, audio or video recording, or band (for bands, only in cases where proof of identification is extant and compelling).
Category 2. Sight records without physical evidence or with physical evidence that is not sufficient for Category 1, but for which there is written documentation from one or more observers accepted by VARCOM.
Category 3. Identity accepted by VARCOM but provenance of the individual bird is uncertain.
Category 3a shall be comprised of such species with physical evidence in Virginia. Category 3b shall be comprised of such species lacking physical evidence. Category 3 shall not include individuals or species deemed by VARCOM to be most likely escaped/released former captives, whether from inside Virginia or otherwise.
Category 4. Records that are judged to be acceptable by historical standards but that may not meet current standards of acceptance, including extinct species that once occurred in Virginia, for which there is no clear written or physical evidence.
Category 5. Species introduced into the Commonwealth of Virginia or into other parts of North America that are currently maintaining self-sustaining wild populations within Virginia.
Category 6. Species introduced into the Commonwealth of Virginia or into other parts of North America that are not currently maintaining self-sustaining wild populations within Virginia (but not species deemed by VARCOM to be most likely escaped/released former captives).

In some instances, abundance codes are also included as follows:
Accidental: less than six accepted physical or written records in the past 50 years
Rare: A species that is so scarce that it cannot be expected with any certainty, or one that occurs in a very specific and extremely limited habitat. In this instance species are coded as rare if they are rare in all regions of the state.
Extirpated: a species that formerly occurred in the state but no long occurs naturally
Extinct: a species that is no longer known to occur naturally anywhere.

Official Virginia State List

# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
  Order Anseriformes
  Family Anatidae: Swans, Geese & Ducks
1   Black-bellied Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna autumnalis Rare Map Chart
2   West Indian Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna arborea Accidental (3a) Map Chart
3   Fulvous Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna bicolor Rare Map Chart
4   Snow Goose   Anser caerulescens Map Chart
  Snow Goose (Lesser)   Anser caerulescens caerulescens Map Chart
  Snow Goose (Greater)   Anser caerulescens atlanticus Map Chart
5   Ross's Goose   Anser rossii Rare Map Chart
6   Greater White-fronted Goose   Anser albifrons Map Chart
7   Brant   Branta bernicla Map Chart
8   Barnacle Goose   Branta leucopsis Rare (3a) Map Chart
9   Cackling Goose   Branta hutchinsii Map Chart
10   Canada Goose   Branta canadensis Map Chart
11   Mute Swan   Cygnus olor (5) Map Chart
12   Trumpeter Swan   Cygnus buccinator Accidental (5) Map Chart
13   Tundra Swan   Cygnus columbianus Map Chart
14   Wood Duck   Aix sponsa Map Chart
15   Garganey   Spatula querquedula Accidental (2) Map Chart
16   Blue-winged Teal   Spatula discors Map Chart
17   Cinnamon Teal   Spatula cyanoptera Accidental Map Chart
18   Northern Shoveler   Spatula clypeata Map Chart
19   Gadwall   Mareca strepera Map Chart
20   Eurasian Wigeon   Mareca penelope Rare Map Chart
21   American Wigeon   Mareca americana Map Chart
22   Mallard   Anas platyrhynchos Map Chart
23   American Black Duck   Anas rubripes Map Chart
24   Mottled Duck   Anas fulvigula Accidental Map Chart
25   White-cheeked Pintail   Anas bahamensis Accidental Map Chart
26   Northern Pintail   Anas acuta Map Chart
27   Green-winged Teal   Anas crecca Map Chart
  Green-winged Teal (American)   Anas crecca carolinensis Map Chart
  Green-winged Teal (Eurasian)   Anas crecca crecca Rare Map Chart
28   Canvasback   Aythya valisineria Map Chart
29   Redhead   Aythya americana Map Chart
30   Ring-necked Duck   Aythya collaris Map Chart
31   Tufted Duck   Aythya fuligula Accidental (2) Map Chart
32   Greater Scaup   Aythya marila Map Chart
33   Lesser Scaup   Aythya affinis Map Chart
34   King Eider   Somateria spectabilis Rare Map Chart
35   Common Eider   Somateria mollissima Rare Map Chart
36   Harlequin Duck   Histrionicus histrionicus Rare Map Chart
37   Surf Scoter   Melanitta perspicillata Map Chart
38   White-winged Scoter   Melanitta deglandi Map Chart
39   Black Scoter   Melanitta americana Map Chart
40   Long-tailed Duck   Clangula hyemalis Map Chart
41   Bufflehead   Bucephala albeola Map Chart
42   Common Goldeneye   Bucephala clangula Map Chart
43   Barrow's Goldeneye   Bucephala islandica Accidental (2) Map Chart
44   Hooded Merganser   Lophodytes cucullatus Map Chart
45   Common Merganser   Mergus merganser Map Chart
46   Red-breasted Merganser   Mergus serrator Map Chart
47   Ruddy Duck   Oxyura jamaicensis Map Chart
  Order Galliformes
  Family Odontophoridae: New World Quail
48   Northern Bobwhite   Colinus virginianus Map Chart
  Family Phasianidae: Grouse and Turkeys
49   Ring-necked Pheasant   Phasianus colchicus (6) Map Chart
50   Ruffed Grouse   Bonasa umbellus Map Chart
51   Wild Turkey   Meleagris gallopavo Map Chart
  Order Phoenicopteriformes
  Family Phoenicopteridae: Flamingos
52   American Flamingo   Phoenicopterus ruber Rare Map Chart
  Order Podicipediformes
  Family Podicipedidae: Grebes
53   Pied-billed Grebe   Podilymbus podiceps Map Chart
54   Horned Grebe   Podiceps auritus Map Chart
55   Red-necked Grebe   Podiceps grisegena Map Chart
56   Eared Grebe   Podiceps nigricollis Rare Map Chart
57   Western Grebe   Aechmophorus occidentalis Rare Map Chart
58   Clark's Grebe   Aechmophorus clarkii Rare Map Chart
  Order Columbiformes
  Family Columbidae: Pigeons and Doves
59   Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)   Columba livia (5) Map Chart
60   White-crowned Pigeon   Patagioenas leucocephala Accidental Map Chart
61   Eurasian Collared-Dove   Streptopelia decaocto (5) Map Chart
62   Common Ground Dove   Columbina passerina Rare (2) Map Chart
63   White-winged Dove   Zenaida asiatica Rare Map Chart
64   Mourning Dove   Zenaida macroura Map Chart
  Order Cuculiformes
  Family Cuculidae: Cuckoos and Anis
65   Yellow-billed Cuckoo   Coccyzus americanus Map Chart
66   Black-billed Cuckoo   Coccyzus erythropthalmus Map Chart
67   Groove-billed Ani   Crotophaga sulcirostris Accidental Map Chart
  Order Caprimulgiformes
  Family Caprimulgidae: Goatsuckers
68   Common Nighthawk   Chordeiles minor Map Chart
69   Chuck-will's-widow   Antrostomus carolinensis Map Chart
70   Eastern Whip-poor-will   Antrostomus vociferus Map Chart
  Order Apodiformes
  Family Apodidae: Swifts
71   Chimney Swift   Chaetura pelagica Map Chart
  Family Trochilidae: Hummingbirds
72   Rivoli's Hummingbird   Eugenes fulgens Accidental Map Chart
73   Ruby-throated Hummingbird   Archilochus colubris Map Chart
74   Black-chinned Hummingbird   Archilochus alexandri Accidental Map Chart
75   Rufous Hummingbird   Selasphorus rufus Map Chart
76   Allen's Hummingbird   Selasphorus sasin Accidental Map Chart
77   Calliope Hummingbird   Selasphorus calliope Accidental Map Chart
78   Violet-crowned Hummingbird   Amazilia violiceps Accidental Map Chart
  Order Gruiformes
  Family Rallidae: Rails, Gallinules & Coots
79   Yellow Rail   Coturnicops noveboracensis Rare Map Chart
80   Black Rail   Laterallus jamaicensis Rare Map Chart
81   Clapper Rail   Rallus crepitans Map Chart
82   King Rail   Rallus elegans Map Chart
83   Virginia Rail   Rallus limicola Map Chart
84   Sora   Porzana carolina Map Chart
85   Paint-billed Crake   Neocrex erythrops Accidental Map Chart
86   Purple Gallinule   Porphyrio martinicus Rare Map Chart
87   Common Gallinule   Gallinula galeata Map Chart
88   American Coot   Fulica americana Map Chart
  Family Aramidae: Limpkin
89   Limpkin   Aramus guarauna Accidental Map Chart
  Family Gruidae: Cranes
90   Sandhill Crane   Antigone canadensis Map Chart
  Order Charadriiformes
  Family Recurvirostridae: Stilts and Avocets
91   Black-necked Stilt   Himantopus mexicanus Map Chart
92   American Avocet   Recurvirostra americana Map Chart
  Family Haematopodidae: Oystercatchers
93   American Oystercatcher   Haematopus palliatus Map Chart
  Family Charadriidae: Plovers
94   Northern Lapwing   Vanellus vanellus Accidental Map Chart
95   Black-bellied Plover   Pluvialis squatarola Map Chart
96   American Golden-Plover   Pluvialis dominica Map Chart
97   Killdeer   Charadrius vociferus Map Chart
98   Semipalmated Plover   Charadrius semipalmatus Map Chart
99   Piping Plover   Charadrius melodus Map Chart
100   Lesser/Greater Sand-Plover   Charadrius mongolus/leschenaultii Accidental Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
101   Wilson's Plover   Charadrius wilsonia Map Chart
102   Mountain Plover   Charadrius montanus Accidental (2) Map Chart
103   Snowy Plover   Charadrius nivosus Accidental Map Chart
  Family Scolopacidae: Sandpipers
104   Upland Sandpiper   Bartramia longicauda Rare Map Chart
105   Whimbrel   Numenius phaeopus Map Chart
  Whimbrel (Hudsonian)   Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus Map Chart
  Whimbrel (European)   Numenius phaeopus phaeopus Accidental Map Chart
106   Long-billed Curlew   Numenius americanus Rare Map Chart
107   Bar-tailed Godwit   Limosa lapponica Accidental Map Chart
108   Black-tailed Godwit   Limosa limosa Accidental Map Chart
109   Hudsonian Godwit   Limosa haemastica Map Chart
110   Marbled Godwit   Limosa fedoa Map Chart
111   Ruddy Turnstone   Arenaria interpres Map Chart
112   Red Knot   Calidris canutus Map Chart
113   Ruff   Calidris pugnax Rare Map Chart
114   Sharp-tailed Sandpiper   Calidris acuminata Accidental Map Chart
115   Stilt Sandpiper   Calidris himantopus Map Chart
116   Curlew Sandpiper   Calidris ferruginea Rare Map Chart
117   Red-necked Stint   Calidris ruficollis Accidental (2) Map Chart
118   Sanderling   Calidris alba Map Chart
119   Dunlin   Calidris alpina Map Chart
120   Purple Sandpiper   Calidris maritima Map Chart
121   Baird's Sandpiper   Calidris bairdii Rare Map Chart
122   Least Sandpiper   Calidris minutilla Map Chart
123   White-rumped Sandpiper   Calidris fuscicollis Map Chart
124   Buff-breasted Sandpiper   Calidris subruficollis Rare Map Chart
125   Pectoral Sandpiper   Calidris melanotos Map Chart
126   Semipalmated Sandpiper   Calidris pusilla Map Chart
127   Western Sandpiper   Calidris mauri Map Chart
128   Short-billed Dowitcher   Limnodromus griseus Map Chart
  Short-billed Dowitcher (griseus)   Limnodromus griseus griseus Map Chart
  Short-billed Dowitcher (hendersoni)   Limnodromus griseus hendersoni Map Chart
129   Long-billed Dowitcher   Limnodromus scolopaceus Rare Map Chart
130   Eurasian Woodcock   Scolopax rusticola Accidental Map Chart
131   American Woodcock   Scolopax minor Map Chart
132   Wilson's Snipe   Gallinago delicata Map Chart
133   Terek Sandpiper   Xenus cinereus Accidental Map Chart
134   Spotted Sandpiper   Actitis macularius Map Chart
135   Solitary Sandpiper   Tringa solitaria Map Chart
136   Lesser Yellowlegs   Tringa flavipes Map Chart
137   Willet   Tringa semipalmata Map Chart
  Willet (Eastern)   Tringa semipalmata semipalmata Map Chart
  Willet (Western)   Tringa semipalmata inornata Map Chart
138   Greater Yellowlegs   Tringa melanoleuca Map Chart
139   Wilson's Phalarope   Phalaropus tricolor Map Chart
140   Red-necked Phalarope   Phalaropus lobatus Map Chart
141   Red Phalarope   Phalaropus fulicarius Map Chart
  Family Stercorariidae: Jaegers and Skuas
142   Great Skua   Stercorarius skua Rare Map Chart
143   South Polar Skua   Stercorarius maccormicki Accidental Map Chart
144   Pomarine Jaeger   Stercorarius pomarinus Map Chart
145   Parasitic Jaeger   Stercorarius parasiticus Map Chart
146   Long-tailed Jaeger   Stercorarius longicaudus Map Chart
  Family Alcidae: Puffins, Murres & Auks
147   Dovekie   Alle alle Map Chart
148   Common Murre   Uria aalge Accidental Map Chart
149   Thick-billed Murre   Uria lomvia Rare Map Chart
150   Razorbill   Alca torda Rare Map Chart
151   Black Guillemot   Cepphus grylle Accidental (2) Map Chart
152   Ancient Murrelet   Synthliboramphus antiquus Accidental (2) Map Chart
153   Atlantic Puffin   Fratercula arctica Map Chart
  Family Laridae: Gulls, Terns & Skimmers
154   Black-legged Kittiwake   Rissa tridactyla Map Chart
155   Sabine's Gull   Xema sabini Rare Map Chart
156   Bonaparte's Gull   Chroicocephalus philadelphia Map Chart
157   Black-headed Gull   Chroicocephalus ridibundus Rare Map Chart
158   Little Gull   Hydrocoloeus minutus Rare Map Chart
159   Laughing Gull   Leucophaeus atricilla Map Chart
160   Franklin's Gull   Leucophaeus pipixcan Rare Map Chart
161   Black-tailed Gull   Larus crassirostris Accidental Map Chart
162   Heermann's Gull   Larus heermanni Accidental Map Chart
163   Mew Gull   Larus canus Accidental Map Chart
  Mew Gull (European)   Larus canus canus Accidental Map Chart
  Mew Gull (American)   Larus canus brachyrhynchus Accidental Map Chart
164   Ring-billed Gull   Larus delawarensis Map Chart
165   California Gull   Larus californicus Rare Map Chart
166   Herring Gull   Larus argentatus Map Chart
167   Yellow-legged Gull   Larus michahellis Accidental Map Chart
168   Iceland Gull   Larus glaucoides Rare Map Chart
  Iceland Gull (Kumlien's)   Larus glaucoides kumlieni Rare Map Chart
  Iceland Gull (Thayer's)   Larus glaucoides thayeri Rare Map Chart
169   Lesser Black-backed Gull   Larus fuscus Map Chart
170   Glaucous Gull   Larus hyperboreus Rare Map Chart
171   Great Black-backed Gull   Larus marinus Map Chart
172   Brown Noddy   Anous stolidus Accidental (2) Map Chart
173   Sooty Tern   Onychoprion fuscatus Rare Map Chart
174   Bridled Tern   Onychoprion anaethetus Rare Map Chart
175   Least Tern   Sternula antillarum Map Chart
176   Gull-billed Tern   Gelochelidon nilotica Map Chart
177   Caspian Tern   Hydroprogne caspia Map Chart
178   Black Tern   Chlidonias niger Map Chart
179   White-winged Tern   Chlidonias leucopterus Rare Map Chart
180   Roseate Tern   Sterna dougallii Rare Map Chart
181   Common Tern   Sterna hirundo Map Chart
182   Arctic Tern   Sterna paradisaea Rare Map Chart
183   Forster's Tern   Sterna forsteri Map Chart
184   Royal Tern   Thalasseus maximus Map Chart
185   Sandwich Tern   Thalasseus sandvicensis Map Chart
186   Elegant Tern   Thalasseus elegans Accidental Map Chart
187   Black Skimmer   Rynchops niger Map Chart
  Order Phaethontiformes
  Family Phaethontidae: Tropicbirds
188   White-tailed Tropicbird   Phaethon lepturus Accidental Map Chart
189   Red-billed Tropicbird   Phaethon aethereus Accidental (2) Map Chart
  Order Gaviiformes
  Family Gaviidae: Loons
190   Red-throated Loon   Gavia stellata Map Chart
191   Pacific Loon   Gavia pacifica Rare Map Chart
192   Common Loon   Gavia immer Map Chart
  Order Procellariiformes
  Family Diomedeidae: Albatrosses
193   Yellow-nosed Albatross   Thalassarche chlororhynchos Accidental (2) Map Chart
194   Black-browed Albatross   Thalassarche melanophris Accidental Map Chart
  Family Procellariidae: Petrels, Shearwaters & Fulmars
195   Northern Fulmar   Fulmarus glacialis Map Chart
196   Trindade Petrel   Pterodroma arminjoniana Accidental Map Chart
197   Bermuda Petrel   Pterodroma cahow Accidental Map Chart
198   Black-capped Petrel   Pterodroma hasitata Rare Map Chart
199   Fea's Petrel   Pterodroma feae Accidental (2) Map Chart
200   Bulwer's Petrel   Bulweria bulwerii Accidental (2) Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
201   Cory's Shearwater   Calonectris diomedea Map Chart
202   Sooty Shearwater   Ardenna grisea Map Chart
203   Great Shearwater   Ardenna gravis Map Chart
204   Manx Shearwater   Puffinus puffinus Map Chart
205   Audubon's Shearwater   Puffinus lherminieri Map Chart
  Family Oceanitidae: Southern Storm-Petrels
206   Wilson's Storm-Petrel   Oceanites oceanicus Map Chart
207   White-faced Storm-Petrel   Pelagodroma marina Rare Map Chart
  Family Hydrobatidae: Northern Storm-Petrels
208   Leach's Storm-Petrel   Hydrobates leucorhous Rare Map Chart
209   Band-rumped Storm-Petrel   Hydrobates castro Rare Map Chart
  Order Ciconiiformes
  Family Ciconiidae: Storks
210   Wood Stork   Mycteria americana Rare Map Chart
  Order Suliformes
  Family Fregatidae: Frigatebirds
211   Magnificent Frigatebird   Fregata magnificens Rare Map Chart
  Family Sulidae: Gannets and Boobies
212   Brown Booby   Sula leucogaster Accidental Map Chart
213   Northern Gannet   Morus bassanus Map Chart
  Family Phalacrocoracidae: Cormorants
214   Neotropic Cormorant   Phalacrocorax brasilianus Accidental (2) Map Chart
215   Double-crested Cormorant   Phalacrocorax auritus Map Chart
216   Great Cormorant   Phalacrocorax carbo Map Chart
  Family Anhingidae: Darters
217   Anhinga   Anhinga anhinga Rare Map Chart
  Order Pelecaniformes
  Family Pelecanidae: Pelicans
218   American White Pelican   Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Map Chart
219   Brown Pelican   Pelecanus occidentalis Map Chart
  Family Ardeidae: Bitterns, Herons & Egrets
220   American Bittern   Botaurus lentiginosus Map Chart
221   Least Bittern   Ixobrychus exilis Map Chart
222   Great Blue Heron   Ardea herodias Map Chart
  Great Blue Heron (White form)   Ardea herodias occidentalis Rare Map Chart
223   Great Egret   Ardea alba Map Chart
224   Little Egret   Egretta garzetta Accidental Map Chart
225   Snowy Egret   Egretta thula Map Chart
226   Little Blue Heron   Egretta caerulea Map Chart
227   Tricolored Heron   Egretta tricolor Map Chart
228   Reddish Egret   Egretta rufescens Accidental Map Chart
229   Cattle Egret   Bubulcus ibis Map Chart
230   Green Heron   Butorides virescens Map Chart
231   Black-crowned Night-Heron   Nycticorax nycticorax Map Chart
232   Yellow-crowned Night-Heron   Nyctanassa violacea Map Chart
  Family Threskiornithidae: Ibises and Spoonbills
233   White Ibis   Eudocimus albus Map Chart
234   Glossy Ibis   Plegadis falcinellus Map Chart
235   White-faced Ibis   Plegadis chihi Rare Map Chart
236   Roseate Spoonbill   Platalea ajaja Accidental Map Chart
  Order Cathartiformes
  Family Cathartidae: New World Vultures
237   Black Vulture   Coragyps atratus Map Chart
238   Turkey Vulture   Cathartes aura Map Chart
  Order Accipitriformes
  Family Pandionidae: Osprey
239   Osprey   Pandion haliaetus Map Chart
  Family Accipitridae: Kites, Hawks & Eagles
240   White-tailed Kite   Elanus leucurus Accidental Map Chart
241   Swallow-tailed Kite   Elanoides forficatus Rare Map Chart
242   Golden Eagle   Aquila chrysaetos Rare Map Chart
243   Northern Harrier   Circus hudsonicus Map Chart
244   Western Marsh Harrier   Circus aeruginosus Accidental (2) Map Chart
245   Sharp-shinned Hawk   Accipiter striatus Map Chart
246   Cooper's Hawk   Accipiter cooperii Map Chart
247   Northern Goshawk   Accipiter gentilis Rare Map Chart
248   Bald Eagle   Haliaeetus leucocephalus Map Chart
249   Mississippi Kite   Ictinia mississippiensis Map Chart
250   Red-shouldered Hawk   Buteo lineatus Map Chart
251   Broad-winged Hawk   Buteo platypterus Map Chart
252   Swainson's Hawk   Buteo swainsoni Rare Map Chart
253   Zone-tailed Hawk   Buteo albonotatus Accidental Map Chart
254   Red-tailed Hawk   Buteo jamaicensis Map Chart
  Red-tailed Hawk (Harlan's)   Buteo jamaicensis harlani Accidental (2) Map Chart
255   Rough-legged Hawk   Buteo lagopus Map Chart
256   Ferruginous Hawk   Buteo regalis Accidental Map Chart
  Order Strigiformes
  Family Tytonidae: Barn Owls
257   Barn Owl   Tyto alba Map Chart
  Family Strigidae: Typical Owls
258   Eastern Screech-Owl   Megascops asio Map Chart
259   Great Horned Owl   Bubo virginianus Map Chart
260   Snowy Owl   Bubo scandiacus Rare Map Chart
261   Burrowing Owl   Athene cunicularia Accidental Map Chart
262   Barred Owl   Strix varia Map Chart
263   Long-eared Owl   Asio otus Rare Map Chart
264   Short-eared Owl   Asio flammeus Map Chart
265   Northern Saw-whet Owl   Aegolius acadicus Map Chart
  Order Coraciiformes
  Family Alcedinidae: Kingfishers
266   Belted Kingfisher   Megaceryle alcyon Map Chart
  Order Piciformes
  Family Picidae: Woodpeckers
267   Lewis's Woodpecker   Melanerpes lewis Accidental Map Chart
268   Red-headed Woodpecker   Melanerpes erythrocephalus Map Chart
269   Red-bellied Woodpecker   Melanerpes carolinus Map Chart
270   Yellow-bellied Sapsucker   Sphyrapicus varius Map Chart
271   Downy Woodpecker   Dryobates pubescens Map Chart
272   Red-cockaded Woodpecker   Dryobates borealis Rare Map Chart
273   Hairy Woodpecker   Dryobates villosus Map Chart
274   Northern Flicker   Colaptes auratus Map Chart
275   Pileated Woodpecker   Dryocopus pileatus Map Chart
  Order Falconiformes
  Family Falconidae: Falcons
276   Crested Caracara   Caracara cheriway Accidental Map Chart
277   American Kestrel   Falco sparverius Map Chart
278   Merlin   Falco columbarius Map Chart
  Merlin (Taiga)   Falco columbarius columbarius Map Chart
  Merlin (Prairie)   Falco columbarius richardsonii Accidental Map Chart
279   Gyrfalcon   Falco rusticolus Accidental Map Chart
280   Peregrine Falcon   Falco peregrinus Map Chart
281   Prairie Falcon   Falco mexicanus Accidental Map Chart
  Order Psittaciformes
  Family Psittacidae: Parrots
282   Monk Parakeet   Myiopsitta monachus (6) Map Chart
  Order Passeriformes
  Family Tyrannidae: Tyrant Flycatchers
283   Ash-throated Flycatcher   Myiarchus cinerascens Rare Map Chart
284   Great Crested Flycatcher   Myiarchus crinitus Map Chart
285   Tropical/Couch's Kingbird   Tyrannus melancholicus/couchii Accidental Map Chart
286   Western Kingbird   Tyrannus verticalis Rare Map Chart
287   Eastern Kingbird   Tyrannus tyrannus Map Chart
288   Gray Kingbird   Tyrannus dominicensis Rare Map Chart
289   Scissor-tailed Flycatcher   Tyrannus forficatus Rare Map Chart
290   Fork-tailed Flycatcher   Tyrannus savana Rare Map Chart
291   Olive-sided Flycatcher   Contopus cooperi Rare Map Chart
292   Western Wood-Pewee   Contopus sordidulus Accidental Map Chart
293   Eastern Wood-Pewee   Contopus virens Map Chart
294   Yellow-bellied Flycatcher   Empidonax flaviventris Rare Map Chart
295   Acadian Flycatcher   Empidonax virescens Map Chart
296   Alder Flycatcher   Empidonax alnorum Map Chart
297   Willow Flycatcher   Empidonax traillii Map Chart
298   Least Flycatcher   Empidonax minimus Map Chart
299   Dusky Flycatcher   Empidonax oberholseri Accidental Map Chart
300   Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher   Empidonax difficilis/occidentalis Accidental Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
301   Eastern Phoebe   Sayornis phoebe Map Chart
302   Say's Phoebe   Sayornis saya Rare Map Chart
303   Vermilion Flycatcher   Pyrocephalus rubinus Accidental Map Chart
  Family Laniidae: Shrikes
304   Loggerhead Shrike   Lanius ludovicianus Map Chart
305   Northern Shrike   Lanius borealis Rare Map Chart
  Family Vireonidae: Vireos
306   White-eyed Vireo   Vireo griseus Map Chart
307   Bell's Vireo   Vireo bellii Accidental Map Chart
308   Yellow-throated Vireo   Vireo flavifrons Map Chart
309   Blue-headed Vireo   Vireo solitarius Map Chart
310   Philadelphia Vireo   Vireo philadelphicus Map Chart
311   Warbling Vireo   Vireo gilvus Map Chart
312   Red-eyed Vireo   Vireo olivaceus Map Chart
313   Black-whiskered Vireo   Vireo altiloquus Accidental Map Chart
  Family Corvidae: Jays, Crows & Magpies
314   Blue Jay   Cyanocitta cristata Map Chart
315   Black-billed Magpie   Pica hudsonia Accidental Map Chart
316   American Crow   Corvus brachyrhynchos Map Chart
317   Fish Crow   Corvus ossifragus Map Chart
318   Common Raven   Corvus corax Map Chart
  Family Alaudidae: Larks
319   Horned Lark   Eremophila alpestris Map Chart
  Family Hirundinidae: Martins and Swallows
320   Bank Swallow   Riparia riparia Map Chart
321   Tree Swallow   Tachycineta bicolor Map Chart
322   Violet-green Swallow   Tachycineta thalassina Accidental Map Chart
323   Northern Rough-winged Swallow   Stelgidopteryx serripennis Map Chart
324   Brown-chested Martin   Progne tapera Accidental (2) Map Chart
325   Purple Martin   Progne subis Map Chart
326   Barn Swallow   Hirundo rustica Map Chart
327   Cliff Swallow   Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Map Chart
328   Cave Swallow   Petrochelidon fulva Rare Map Chart
  Family Paridae: Chickadees and Titmice
329   Carolina Chickadee   Poecile carolinensis Map Chart
330   Black-capped Chickadee   Poecile atricapillus Map Chart
331   Boreal Chickadee   Poecile hudsonicus Accidental (2) Map Chart
332   Tufted Titmouse   Baeolophus bicolor Map Chart
  Family Sittidae: Nuthatches
333   Red-breasted Nuthatch   Sitta canadensis Map Chart
334   White-breasted Nuthatch   Sitta carolinensis Map Chart
335   Brown-headed Nuthatch   Sitta pusilla Map Chart
  Family Certhiidae: Creepers
336   Brown Creeper   Certhia americana Map Chart
  Family Troglodytidae: Wrens
337   Rock Wren   Salpinctes obsoletus Accidental Map Chart
338   House Wren   Troglodytes aedon Map Chart
339   Winter Wren   Troglodytes hiemalis Map Chart
340   Sedge Wren   Cistothorus platensis Map Chart
341   Marsh Wren   Cistothorus palustris Map Chart
342   Carolina Wren   Thryothorus ludovicianus Map Chart
343   Bewick's Wren   Thryomanes bewickii Rare Map Chart
  Family Sylviidae: Gnatcatchers
344   Blue-gray Gnatcatcher   Polioptila caerulea Map Chart
  Family Regulidae: Kinglets
345   Golden-crowned Kinglet   Regulus satrapa Map Chart
346   Ruby-crowned Kinglet   Regulus calendula Map Chart
  Family Muscicapidae: Old World Flycatchers
347   Northern Wheatear   Oenanthe oenanthe Accidental Map Chart
  Family Turdidae: Thrushes
348   Eastern Bluebird   Sialia sialis Map Chart
349   Mountain Bluebird   Sialia currucoides Accidental Map Chart
350   Townsend's Solitaire   Myadestes townsendi Accidental Map Chart
351   Veery   Catharus fuscescens Map Chart
352   Gray-cheeked Thrush   Catharus minimus Map Chart
353   Bicknell's Thrush   Catharus bicknelli Rare Map Chart
354   Swainson's Thrush   Catharus ustulatus Map Chart
355   Hermit Thrush   Catharus guttatus Map Chart
356   Wood Thrush   Hylocichla mustelina Map Chart
357   American Robin   Turdus migratorius Map Chart
358   Varied Thrush   Ixoreus naevius Rare Map Chart
  Family Mimidae: Catbirds, Mockingbirds & Thrashers
359   Gray Catbird   Dumetella carolinensis Map Chart
360   Brown Thrasher   Toxostoma rufum Map Chart
361   Sage Thrasher   Oreoscoptes montanus Accidental (2) Map Chart
362   Northern Mockingbird   Mimus polyglottos Map Chart
  Family Sturnidae: Starlings
363   European Starling   Sturnus vulgaris (5) Map Chart
  Family Bombycillidae: Waxwings
364   Bohemian Waxwing   Bombycilla garrulus Accidental Map Chart
365   Cedar Waxwing   Bombycilla cedrorum Map Chart
  Family Passeridae: Old World Sparrows
366   House Sparrow   Passer domesticus (5) Map Chart
  Family Motacillidae: Pipits
367   American Pipit   Anthus rubescens Map Chart
368   Sprague's Pipit   Anthus spragueii Accidental (2) Map Chart
  Family Fringillidae: Siskins, Crossbills & Allies
369   Evening Grosbeak   Coccothraustes vespertinus Rare Map Chart
370   Pine Grosbeak   Pinicola enucleator Rare Map Chart
371   House Finch   Haemorhous mexicanus (5) Map Chart
372   Purple Finch   Haemorhous purpureus Map Chart
373   Common Redpoll   Acanthis flammea Rare Map Chart
374   Hoary Redpoll   Acanthis hornemanni Accidental Map Chart
375   Red Crossbill   Loxia curvirostra Rare Map Chart
376   White-winged Crossbill   Loxia leucoptera Rare Map Chart
377   Pine Siskin   Spinus pinus Map Chart
378   Lesser Goldfinch   Spinus psaltria Accidental Map Chart
379   American Goldfinch   Spinus tristis Map Chart
  Family Calcariidae: Longspurs and Snow Buntings
380   Lapland Longspur   Calcarius lapponicus Rare Map Chart
381   Chestnut-collared Longspur   Calcarius ornatus Accidental (2) Map Chart
382   Smith's Longspur   Calcarius pictus Accidental Map Chart
383   Snow Bunting   Plectrophenax nivalis Map Chart
  Family Passerellidae: New World Sparrows and Towhees
384   Bachman's Sparrow   Peucaea aestivalis Rare Map Chart
385   Grasshopper Sparrow   Ammodramus savannarum Map Chart
386   Black-throated Sparrow   Amphispiza bilineata Accidental Map Chart
387   Lark Sparrow   Chondestes grammacus Rare Map Chart
388   Lark Bunting   Calamospiza melanocorys Accidental Map Chart
389   Chipping Sparrow   Spizella passerina Map Chart
390   Clay-colored Sparrow   Spizella pallida Rare Map Chart
391   Field Sparrow   Spizella pusilla Map Chart
392   Brewer's Sparrow   Spizella breweri Accidental Map Chart
393   Fox Sparrow   Passerella iliaca Map Chart
  Fox Sparrow (Red)   Passerella iliaca iliaca Map Chart
394   American Tree Sparrow   Spizelloides arborea Map Chart
395   Dark-eyed Junco   Junco hyemalis Map Chart
  Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon)   Junco hyemalis montanus Rare Map Chart
  Dark-eyed Junco (Pink-sided)   Junco hyemalis mearnsi Accidental Map Chart
396   White-crowned Sparrow   Zonotrichia leucophrys Map Chart
  White-crowned Sparrow (Gambel's)   Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii Accidental Map Chart
397   Harris's Sparrow   Zonotrichia querula Rare Map Chart
398   White-throated Sparrow   Zonotrichia albicollis Map Chart
399   Vesper Sparrow   Pooecetes gramineus Map Chart
400   LeConte's Sparrow   Ammospiza leconteii Rare Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name State Status Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
401   Seaside Sparrow   Ammospiza maritimus Map Chart
402   Nelson's Sparrow   Ammospiza nelsoni Map Chart
  Nelson's Sparrow (Nelson's)   Ammospiza nelsoni nelsoni Map Chart
  Nelson's Sparrow (James Bay)   Ammospiza nelsoni alter Map Chart
  Nelson's Sparrow (Atlantic Coast)   Ammospiza nelsoni subvirgatus Map Chart
403   Saltmarsh Sparrow   Ammospiza caudacutus Map Chart
404   Henslow's Sparrow   Centronyx henslowii Rare Map Chart
405   Savannah Sparrow   Passerculus sandwichensis Map Chart
  Savannah Sparrow (Ipswich)   Passerculus sandwichensis princeps Map Chart
406   Song Sparrow   Melospiza melodia Map Chart
407   Lincoln's Sparrow   Melospiza lincolnii Map Chart
408   Swamp Sparrow   Melospiza georgiana Map Chart
409   Green-tailed Towhee   Pipilo chlorurus Accidental Map Chart
410   Spotted Towhee   Pipilo maculatus Accidental (2) Map Chart
411   Eastern Towhee   Pipilo erythrophthalmus Map Chart
  Family Icteriidae: Yellow-breasted Chat
412   Yellow-breasted Chat   Icteria virens Map Chart
  Family Icteridae: Blackbirds, Meadowlarks & Orioles
413   Yellow-headed Blackbird   Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Rare Map Chart
414   Bobolink   Dolichonyx oryzivorus Map Chart
415   Eastern Meadowlark   Sturnella magna Map Chart
416   Orchard Oriole   Icterus spurius Map Chart
417   Bullock's Oriole   Icterus bullockii Rare Map Chart
418   Baltimore Oriole   Icterus galbula Map Chart
419   Red-winged Blackbird   Agelaius phoeniceus Map Chart
420   Shiny Cowbird   Molothrus bonariensis Accidental (2) Map Chart
421   Brown-headed Cowbird   Molothrus ater Map Chart
422   Rusty Blackbird   Euphagus carolinus Map Chart
423   Brewer's Blackbird   Euphagus cyanocephalus Rare Map Chart
424   Common Grackle   Quiscalus quiscula Map Chart
425   Boat-tailed Grackle   Quiscalus major Map Chart
  Family Parulidae: Wood Warblers
426   Ovenbird   Seiurus aurocapilla Map Chart
427   Worm-eating Warbler   Helmitheros vermivorum Map Chart
428   Louisiana Waterthrush   Parkesia motacilla Map Chart
429   Northern Waterthrush   Parkesia noveboracensis Map Chart
430   Golden-winged Warbler   Vermivora chrysoptera Map Chart
431   Blue-winged Warbler   Vermivora cyanoptera Map Chart
432   Black-and-white Warbler   Mniotilta varia Map Chart
433   Prothonotary Warbler   Protonotaria citrea Map Chart
434   Swainson's Warbler   Limnothlypis swainsonii Map Chart
435   Tennessee Warbler   Leiothlypis peregrina Map Chart
436   Orange-crowned Warbler   Leiothlypis celata Map Chart
437   Lucy's Warbler   Leiothlypis luciae Accidental Map Chart
438   Nashville Warbler   Leiothlypis ruficapilla Map Chart
439   Connecticut Warbler   Oporornis agilis Rare Map Chart
440   MacGillivray's Warbler   Geothlypis tolmiei Accidental Map Chart
441   Mourning Warbler   Geothlypis philadelphia Map Chart
442   Kentucky Warbler   Geothlypis formosa Map Chart
443   Common Yellowthroat   Geothlypis trichas Map Chart
444   Hooded Warbler   Setophaga citrina Map Chart
445   American Redstart   Setophaga ruticilla Map Chart
446   Kirtland's Warbler   Setophaga kirtlandii Accidental Map Chart
447   Cape May Warbler   Setophaga tigrina Map Chart
448   Cerulean Warbler   Setophaga cerulea Map Chart
449   Northern Parula   Setophaga americana Map Chart
450   Magnolia Warbler   Setophaga magnolia Map Chart
451   Bay-breasted Warbler   Setophaga castanea Map Chart
452   Blackburnian Warbler   Setophaga fusca Map Chart
453   Yellow Warbler   Setophaga petechia Map Chart
454   Chestnut-sided Warbler   Setophaga pensylvanica Map Chart
455   Blackpoll Warbler   Setophaga striata Map Chart
456   Black-throated Blue Warbler   Setophaga caerulescens Map Chart
457   Palm Warbler   Setophaga palmarum Map Chart
  Palm Warbler (Western)   Setophaga palmarum palmarum Map Chart
  Palm Warbler (Yellow)   Setophaga palmarum hypochrysea Map Chart
458   Pine Warbler   Setophaga pinus Map Chart
459   Yellow-rumped Warbler   Setophaga coronata Map Chart
  Yellow-rumped Warbler (Myrtle)   Setophaga coronata coronata Map Chart
  Yellow-rumped Warbler (Audubon's)   Setophaga coronata auduboni Accidental Map Chart
460   Yellow-throated Warbler   Setophaga dominica Map Chart
461   Prairie Warbler   Setophaga discolor Map Chart
462   Black-throated Gray Warbler   Setophaga nigrescens Accidental Map Chart
463   Townsend's Warbler   Setophaga townsendi Accidental Map Chart
464   Black-throated Green Warbler   Setophaga virens Map Chart
465   Canada Warbler   Cardellina canadensis Map Chart
466   Wilson's Warbler   Cardellina pusilla Map Chart
  Family Cardinalidae: Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks & Dickcissels
467   Summer Tanager   Piranga rubra Map Chart
468   Scarlet Tanager   Piranga olivacea Map Chart
469   Western Tanager   Piranga ludoviciana Rare Map Chart
470   Northern Cardinal   Cardinalis cardinalis Map Chart
471   Rose-breasted Grosbeak   Pheucticus ludovicianus Map Chart
472   Black-headed Grosbeak   Pheucticus melanocephalus Rare Map Chart
473   Blue Grosbeak   Passerina caerulea Map Chart
474   Lazuli Bunting   Passerina amoena Accidental Map Chart
475   Indigo Bunting   Passerina cyanea Map Chart
476   Painted Bunting   Passerina ciris Rare Map Chart
477   Dickcissel   Spiza americana Rare Map Chart
Species Believed to Have Occurred Historically
  Passenger Pigeon   Ectopistes migratorius (4) Map Chart
  Eskimo Curlew   Numenius borealis (4) Map Chart
  Carolina Parakeet   Conuropsis carolinensis (4) Map Chart
  Bachman's Warbler   Vermivora bachmanii (4) Map Chart