Review List for Virginia

Effective October 3, 2019

The following species, field-identifiable superspecies/subspecies, and color morphs have already been documented and accepted in the Commonwealth of Virginia and are reviewable statewide except as indicated. The list follows the sequence of the AOS Checklist as revised in the 60th Supplement (June 2019).

Eastern Coastal Plain is defined as the following counties/cities: Accomack, Chesapeake, Gloucester, Hampton, Lancaster, Mathews, Middlesex, Newport News, Norfolk, Northampton, Northumberland, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Richmond County, Suffolk, Virginia Beach, Westmoreland.

Common Name Map of Records The following species are reviewable statewide except as indicated.
  Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Map
  West Indian Whistling-Duck Map
  Fulvous Whistling-Duck Map
  Ross's Goose (blue morph) -
  Brant Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & York Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Brant (forms/taxa other than hrota) -
  Barnacle Goose Map
  Trumpeter Swan Map ✔ except west of I-95 and north of I-64.
  Garganey Map
  Cinnamon Teal Map
  Eurasian Wigeon Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Mottled Duck Map
  White-cheeked Pintail Map
  Eurasian Green-winged Teal (Common Teal) Map
  Tufted Duck Map
  King Eider Map ✔ except Chesapeake Bay-Bridge Tunnel, Eastern Shore, Norfolk and Virginia Beach.
  Common Eider Map ✔ except Chesapeake Bay-Bridge Tunnel, Eastern Shore, Norfolk and Virginia Beach.
  Harlequin Duck Map ✔ except Chesapeake Bay-Bridge Tunnel, Eastern Shore, Norfolk and Virginia Beach.
  Barrow's Goldeneye Map
  Ruffed Grouse Map ✔ except Mountains & Valleys.
  American Flamingo Map
  Phoenicopterus sp. (unidentified flamingo) Map
  Eared Grebe Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & South Holston Lake.
  Western Grebe Map
  Clark's Grebe Map
  White-crowned Pigeon Map
  Common Ground Dove Map
  White-winged Dove Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Groove-billed Ani Map
  Rivoli's Hummingbird Map
  Black-chinned Hummingbird Map
  Calliope Hummingbird Map
  Allen's Hummingbird Map
  Violet-crowned Hummingbird Map
  Yellow Rail Map
  Black Rail Map
  Clapper Rail Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, York Co. James City Co. Isle of Wight Co. & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Paint-billed Crake Map
  Purple Gallinule Map
  Limpkin Map
  Black-necked Stilt Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  American Avocet Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  American Oystercatcher Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & York Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Northern Lapwing Map
  Piping Plover Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Lesser/Greater Sand-Plover Map
  Wilson's Plover Map ✔ Except barrier islands of Accomack County.
  Mountain Plover Map
  Snowy Plover Map
  Whimbrel Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Whimbrel (taxa other than hudsonicus) Map
  Long-billed Curlew Map ✔ except barrier island lagoon system.
  Bar-tailed Godwit Map
  Black-tailed Godwit Map
  Hudsonian Godwit Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Marbled Godwit Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Ruddy Turnstone Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Red Knot Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Ruff Map
  Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Map
  Curlew Sandpiper Map
  Red-necked Stint Map
  Purple Sandpiper Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-rumped Sandpiper Map ✔ except Mountains & Valleys, Coastal Plain.
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper Map ✔ except Coastal Plain and Piedmont.
  Long-billed Dowitcher Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Eurasian Woodcock Map
  Terek Sandpiper Map
  Willet Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Wilson's Phalarope Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Red-necked Phalarope Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Red Phalarope Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Great Skua Map ✔ except pelagic.
  South Polar Skua Map
  Pomarine Jaeger Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Parasitic Jaeger Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Long-tailed Jaeger Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Dovekie Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Common Murre Map
  Thick-billed Murre Map
  Uria sp. (unidentified murre) Map
  Razorbill Map ✔ Except pelagic, CBBT, Eastern Shore and VA Beach.
  Black Guillemot Map
  Ancient Murrelet Map
  Atlantic Puffin Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Black-legged Kittiwake Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Sabine's Gull Map
  Black-headed Gull Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Little Gull Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Laughing Gull Map ✔ except Coastal Plain and Piedmont.
  Franklin's Gull Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Black-tailed Gull Map
  Heermann's Gull Map
  Mew Gull Map
  California Gull Map
  Yellow-legged Gull Map
  Iceland Gull (nominate or Thayer's) -
  Iceland Gull (Kumlien's) Map ✔ except Coastal Plain & Prince William Co.
  Lesser Black-backed Gull Map ✔ except Coastal Plain and Piedmont.
  Glaucous Gull Map ✔ except Coastal Plain & Prince William Co.
  Great Black-backed Gull Map ✔ except Coastal Plain & Piedmont north of I-64.
  Brown Noddy Map
  Sooty Tern Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Bridled Tern Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Least Tern Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight County east of Rt. 17, James City Co. York Co. Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Gull-billed Tern Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-winged Tern Map
  Roseate Tern Map
  Arctic Tern Map
  Royal Tern Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Sandwich Tern Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Elegant Tern Map
  Black Skimmer Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-tailed Tropicbird Map
  Red-billed Tropicbird Map
  Red-throated Loon Map ✔ except Coastal Plain & Kerr Reservoir.
  Pacific Loon Map
  Yellow-nosed Albatross Map
  Black-browed Albatross Map
  Northern Fulmar Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Trindade Petrel Map
  Bermuda Petrel Map
  Black-capped Petrel Map
  Fea's Petrel Map
  Bulwer's Petrel Map
  Cory's Shearwater Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Sooty Shearwater Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Great Shearwater Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Manx Shearwater Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Audubon's Shearwater Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Wilson's Storm-Petrel Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  White-faced Storm-Petrel Map
  Leach's Storm-Petrel Map ✔ except pelagic.
  Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Map
  Wood Stork Map
  Magnificent Frigatebird Map
  Fregata sp. (unidentified frigatebird) Map
  Brown Booby Map
  Northern Gannet Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, York Co. Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Neotropic Cormorant Map
  Great Cormorant Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Anhinga Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain south of I-64 and Greensville, Southampton and York Counties.
  American White Pelican Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, James City Co. and Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Brown Pelican Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17, James City Co. & Hog Island, Surry Co.
  Little Egret Map
  Snowy Egret Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Tricolored Heron Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Reddish Egret Map
  Cattle Egret Map ✔ except Piedmont & Coastal Plain.
  White Ibis Map ✔ except Piedmont & Coastal Plain.
  Glossy Ibis Map ✔ except Coastal Plain & Piedmont north of I-64.
  White-faced Ibis Map
  Roseate Spoonbill Map
  White-tailed Kite Map
  Swallow-tailed Kite Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Western Marsh-Harrier Map
  Northern Goshawk Map
  Broad-winged Hawk (dark morph) -
  Swainson's Hawk Map ✔ except Northampton Co.
  Zone-tailed Hawk Map
  Red-tailed Hawk (forms/taxa other than borealis) -
  Ferruginous Hawk Map
  Burrowing Owl Map
  Lewis's Woodpecker Map
  Red-cockaded Woodpecker Map ✔ except Sussex Co.
  Crested Caracara Map
  Merlin (richardsonii) Map
  Gyrfalcon Map
  Prairie Falcon Map
  Ash-throated Flycatcher Map
  Tropical/Couch's Kingbird Map
  Western Kingbird Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Gray Kingbird Map
  Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Map
  Fork-tailed Flycatcher Map
  Western Wood-Pewee Map
  Alder Flycatcher Map ✔ except Mountains & Valleys.
  Dusky Flycatcher Map
  Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher Map
  Say's Phoebe Map
  Vermilion Flycatcher Map
  Loggerhead Shrike Map ✔ except Mountains & Valleys, Piedmont.
  Northern Shrike Map
  Bell's Vireo Map
  Black-whiskered Vireo Map
  Black-billed Magpie Map
  Common Raven Map ✔ except Mountains & Valleys, Piedmont.
  Violet-green Swallow Map
  Brown-chested Martin Map
  Cave Swallow Map ✔ except Northampton Co.
  Black-capped Chickadee Map ✔ except Mountains & Valleys.
  Boreal Chickadee Map
  Rock Wren Map
  Bewick's Wren Map
  Northern Wheatear Map
  Mountain Bluebird Map
  Townsend's Solitaire Map
  Bicknell's Thrush Map
  Varied Thrush Map
  Sage Thrasher Map
  Bohemian Waxwing Map
  Sprague's Pipit Map
  Pine Grosbeak Map
  Hoary Redpoll Map
  White-winged Crossbill Map
  Lesser Goldfinch Map
  Chestnut-collared Longspur Map
  Smith's Longspur Map
  Bachman's Sparrow Map
  Black-throated Sparrow Map
  Lark Bunting Map
  Brewer's Sparrow Map
  Dark-eyed Junco (ssp. other than hyemalis and carolinensis) -
  Gambel's White-crowned Sparrow (gambelii) Map
  Harris's Sparrow Map
  LeConte's Sparrow Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Seaside Sparrow Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain and York Co. & Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Nelson's Sparrow Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17 & York Co.
  Saltmarsh Sparrow Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain & Isle of Wight Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Henslow's Sparrow Map
  Savannah Sparrow, princeps ssp. (Ipswich Sparrow) Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Green-tailed Towhee Map
  Spotted Towhee Map
  Yellow-headed Blackbird Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.
  Bullock's Oriole Map
  Shiny Cowbird Map
  Brewer's Blackbird Map
  Boat-tailed Grackle Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain, Isle of Wight Co. & York Co. east of Rt. 17.
  Lucy's Warbler Map
  MacGillivray's Warbler Map
  Kirtland's Warbler Map
  Audubon's Yellow-rumped Warbler (auduboni) Map
  Black-throated Gray Warbler Map
  Townsend's Warbler Map
  Western Tanager Map ✔ except Coastal Plain.
  Black-headed Grosbeak Map
  Lazuli Bunting Map
  Painted Bunting Map ✔ except Eastern Coastal Plain.

If you have seen a locally rare species, it is probably included on the Committee's Review List; the Committee would be happy to review documentation for any of these species or for any not listed above.